The iPhone 11 has an edge-to-edge display with slim bezels and no Home button, adopting a notch at the top for the TrueDepth camera system. Because it uses an LCD instead of OLED display.
The iPhone 11 measures in at 150.9mm tall, 75.7mm wide, and 8.3mm thick.
The back of the iPhone 11 features the most significant design change thanks to the new dual-camera system. Apple is using a new square-shaped camera bump that flows into the rest of the device. The two camera lenses protrude slightly from the back of the iPhone as the camera elements are thicker than the body of the iPhone.
According to Apple, the iPhone 11 is made from the most durable glass ever in a smartphone, so in theory, it should hold up better to accidental bumps and drops. It’s still glass, though, so it’s best to use a case or have AppleCare+ in case of accidental damage.
The iPhone 11 has an IP68 water resistance rating, which is up from IP67 to survive a depth of up to two meters (6.5 feet) for up to 30 minutes.
With an IP68 water resistance rating, the iPhone 11 can withstand splashes, rain, and brief accidental water exposure, but intentional water exposure should be avoided. Apple warns that water and dust resistance are not permanent conditions and deteriorate as a result of normal wear.
The iPhone 11 uses an LCD display that it calls the “Liquid Retina HD” display. It measures in at 6.1 inches and features a 1792 x 828 resolution at 326 pixels per inch.
Though the iPhone 11 has an LCD instead of OLED display, Apple says it is the most advanced LCD that’s been introduced in a smartphone, constructed with new engineering techniques. It is identical to the display in the iPhone XR, and is inferior to the iPhone 11 Pro and Pro Max displays.
The iPhone 11 display continues to support Apple’s latest technology advancements including Tap to Wake to activate display with a single tap, a swipe-based gesture system to replace the Touch ID Home button, True Tone for matching the white balance of the display to the ambient lighting, and wide color for vivid, true to life colors.
It has a 1400:1 contrast ratio, which is one of the areas where it falls far short of the iPhone 11 Pro models. The iPhone 11 Pro and Pro Max have a 2,000,000:1 contrast ratio, which means their colors are richer, blacks are blacker, and there is HDR support, which is unavailable in the iPhone 11.
The iPhone 11 is equipped with an A13 Bionic chip that’s faster and more efficient than the A12 Bionic chip in the iPhone XR. The CPU’s two performance cores in the A13 are up to 20 percent faster and use 30 percent less power than the A12, and the four efficiency cores are up to 20 percent faster and use up to 40 percent less power.
The GPU in the A13 is 20 percent faster than the GPU in the A12 and it uses 40 percent less power.
The iPhone 11 is equipped with 4GB RAM and 64 GB storage.
In the iPhone 11, the TrueDepth camera system has been improved with new hardware. It’s faster and it’s able to work from a wider range of angles, so it’s more efficient and quicker than ever.
Face ID is used across the iOS operating system for tasks like unlocking your iPhone, allowing access to third-party passcode-protected apps, confirming purchases in iTunes and the App Store, and authenticating Apple Pay payments.
Face ID works through a set of sensors and cameras built into the front of the iPhone 11, called the True Depth Camera system. To create a facial scan, a Dot Projector projects more than 30,000 invisible infrared dots onto your face, which are then read by an infrared camera.
This depth map of your face is then relayed to the A13 Bionic processor where it is transformed into a mathematical model that the iPhone uses to make sure it’s you attempting to access your iPhone.
Face ID uses infrared, so it works in low light and in the dark, with a built-in Flood Illuminator making sure there’s always adequate light to take a facial scan. Face ID works with hats, beards, glasses, sunglasses, scarves, makeup and all other accessories and items that might partially obscure a face, but it does need to see your eyes, nose, and mouth to work.
The A13 Bionic chip with built-in Neural Engine means that Face ID can adjust to minor facial changes over time, so if you grow your hair longer or grow a beard, Face ID adjusts and continue to unlock your iPhone.
Face ID uses a detailed 3D facial scan that’s unable to be fooled by a photo, mask, or other facial imitation. An “Attention Aware” security feature allows Face ID to unlock your device only when you look in the direction of the iPhone 11 with your eyes open, so it does not work when your eyes are closed, when you’re sleeping, when you’re unconscious, or when you’re looking away from your phone.
The True Depth camera system, in addition to powering Face ID with the additional biometric components, is also a standard front-facing camera that can be used for selfies.
In the iPhone 11, the front-facing camera has been upgraded to 12 megapixels from 7 megapixels in the iPhone XR, and it supports next-generation Smart HDR. The updated camera is capable of recording 60 fps video in 4K with support for extended dynamic range video at 30 fps.
When using the new front-facing camera, you can turn the iPhone from portrait mode into landscape mode to automatically capture more in the frame, which is useful for situations like group selfies.
When you take a selfie with the iPhone 11 in standard portrait orientation, it uses a zoomed in 7-megapixel version. Turning your iPhone to landscape mode allows more into the frame and results in a 12-megapixel photo, as does tapping the little arrow icon to zoom out when in portrait orientation.
The major new feature in the iPhone 11 is an upgraded dual-lens camera system. It includes an f/1.8 6-element 12-megapixel wide-angle lens (26mm focal length) and an f/2.4 5-element 12-megapixel ultra wide-angle lens (13mm focal length).
The iPhone 11 is equipped with next-generation Smart HDR, which Apple says better recognizes people, treating them differently from the rest of the shot. Faces feature highlights, shadows, and natural-looking skin tones while background elements are preserved.
The wide-angle camera in the iPhone 11 has a new, larger sensor with 100 percent Focus Pixels that enables new low light capabilities such as a Night mode that’s designed to take much brighter pictures in low lighting conditions.
Night mode turns on automatically in low lighting conditions, and there’s no need to use the flash with it. When you’re in an area with poor lighting, the camera takes multiple images while optical image stabilization works to steady the lens.
The A13 chip is then engaged to align images to correct for movement. Sections with too much blur are eliminated, while sharper images are fused together. The contrast is then adjusted, the colors are fine tuned, excess noise is eliminated, and details are enhanced to create a final image that looks much brighter and crisper than the lighting conditions would normally allow for.
Though the iPhone 11 has no telephoto lens, it is still able to take Portrait mode shots using the other camera lenses. The two cameras work together to create Portrait Mode photos where the subject of the photo is in focus and the background is blurred, similar to the effect that you get with a DSLR.
Portrait Mode in the iPhone 11 has been improved because it works with people, pets, food, and other objects. With the iPhone XR, Portrait Mode was limited to shots of people.
The iPhone 11 supports Portrait Lighting, which allows the lighting effects of an image to be shifted using software. More lighting modes are supported in the iPhone 11, including Natural, Studio. Contour, Stage, Stage Mono, and High-Key Mono.
As of iOS 13, Portrait Lighting effects can be adjusted using an intensity slider, making them more useful because more subtle looks can be achieved.
The wide-angle and ultra wide-angle lenses both work in video mode as well, and you can toggle between them with a tap when filming. The iPhone 11 shoots 4K video at 60 frames per second with both lenses, and the ultra-wide camera can capture four times more scene for better action shots.
The iPhone 11 supports Extended Dynamic Range when capturing video up to 60 frames per second, and optical image stabilization is available for video shot using the standard wide-angle camera.
An Audio Zoom feature is designed to match audio to the video framing for better sound when filming a video on the iPhone.
A new feature called Quick Take lets you take video by holding down the shutter when in photo mode, so you can capture a moment without the need to swap from standard camera mode over to video mode.
When shooting outdoors, the A13 Bionic is able to use machine learning to automatically track a moving subject when QuickTake mode is engaged.
The iPhone 11 offers one hour of additional battery life compared to the iPhone XR. The iPhone 11 features a 3,110 mAh battery, which is higher capacity than the 2,942 mAh battery in the iPhone XR.
iPhone 11 is fast-charge capable, which means it can be charged to 50 percent battery life in just 30 minutes. Fast charging requires a USB-C power adapter that offers at least 18 watts, which includes 29/30W adapters from Apple (priced at $49).
The iPhone 11 has a glass body with built-in wireless charging coils to support wireless charging functionality.
Apple uses the Qi wireless charging standard that’s also available in many Android phones, which means the new iPhones can charge wirelessly with any Qi-certified inductive charger.